“It is a capital mistake to theorize before one has data. Insensibly one begins to twist facts to suit theories, instead of theories to suit facts.“
—Arthur Conan Doyle, “A Scandal in Bohemia” in The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes
I use quantitative methods to study stratification and inequality based on sexuality and gender from a queer and feminist perspective. In particular, I am interested in (1) the association between sexual orientation and gender identity, and socioeconomic status in Japan, (2) sexual/gender minorities and social attitudes, (3) the measurement of sexual orientation and gender identity in quantitative research, and (4) queer and feminist methodologies.
For a complete list of publications and research experience, please see my CV here.
Data Collection Experience
Due to the scarcity of data on sexual orientation and gender identity in Japan, I generally engage in primary data collection for my research projects and have designed multiple large-scale social surveys in Japan. Below is a list of the surveys that I have been involved in:
- the “niji VOICE” surveys (a series of web surveys on LGBT issues and the workplace environment, conducted almost annually from 2014 through 2020 by the nonprofit organization Nijiiro Diversity)
- Collaborative research between the nonprofit organization Nijiiro Diversity and the Center for Gender Studies at International Christian University: Surveys on LGBT Issues in the Workplace Environment
- Nijiiro Diversity, and the Center for Gender Studies at International Christian University. 2015. Survey on LGBT Issues in the Workplace Environment 2015. [A survey report in English]
- the “Survey on Diversity of Work and Life, and Coexistence among the Residents of Osaka City” (one of the first population-based surveys with questions on sexual orientation and gender identity in Japan, conducted in January-February 2019)
- Demography of Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity: Building a Foundation for Research in Japan (JSPS KAKENHI Grant Number 16H03709, PI: Saori Kamano, $157,300)
- Kamano, Saori, Hitoshi Ishida, Takeyoshi Iwamoto, Yasuyo Koyama, Yoshimi Chitose, Daiki Hiramori, Hiromi Fujii, Kana Fuse, Masakazu Yamauchi, and Takashi Yoshinaka. 2019. “Survey on Diversity of Work and Life, and Coexistence among the Residents of Osaka City”: Report Based on Percent Frequency Tables, edited by Research Team on Diversity of Work and Life, JSPS KAKENHI Grant Number 16H03709 “Demography of Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity: Building a Foundation for Research in Japan” (PI: Saori Kamano). Tokyo, Japan: National Institute of Population and Social Security Research. In Japanese.
- the second “Survey on Ideas about Being Men and Women and Social Attitudes” (one of the first nationally representative surveys with questions on sexual orientation, gender identity, and labor market outcomes in Japan, conducted in June-July 2019)
- Research on the Transformation of Attitudes and Policy toward Sexual Minorities (JSPS KAKENHI Grant Number 18H03652, PI: Kazuya Kawaguchi, $430,300)
Sexual/Gender Minorities and Socioeconomic Inequality in Japan
In this project, I am interested in examining inequality in socioeconomic status based on sexual orientation and gender identity in Japan. In my dissertation “Sexuality Stratification in Contemporary Japan: A Study in Sociology,” I aim to develop a sociological theory of what I call “sexuality stratification,” or social stratification based on sexual orientation, that is sensitive to cross-cultural differences through describing the association between sexual orientation and various socioeconomic statuses such as education, occupation, and earnings in Japan. My dissertation research is funded by the Harry Bridges Center for Labor Studies at the University of Washington and the Japan Center for Economic Research.
- Hiramori, Daiki. Forthcoming. “Social Stratification: Stratification and Inequality Based on SOGI.” Pp. XX-XX in LGBT/SOGI and Society, edited by T. Iwamoto and S. Kamano. Kyoto, Japan: Minerva Shobo. In Japanese.
- Hiramori, Daiki. 2015. “Challenges of Sexual and Gender Minorities in the Workplace: Multivariate Analyses of Income and Willingness to Continue Working.” Gender and Sexuality 10:91-118. In Japanese.
- Hiramori, Daiki. “Social-Institutional Structures That Matter: A Quantitative Monograph of Sexual/Gender Minority Status and Earnings in Japan.” Draft available on SocArXiv.
Attitudes toward Sexual/Gender Minorities and Social Attitudes by Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity
Originally started as senior thesis research, this project investigates the factors associated with attitudes toward sexual/gender minorities in Japan, with a focus on religion. In addition, I am currently interested in studying the impact of sexual/gender minority status on various social attitudes in Japan.
- Hiramori, Daiki. 2019. “Is Buddhism Tolerant of Homosexuality in Japan? Toward a Contextual Understanding of Religion and Homosexuality.” Presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Sociological Association, August 10, New York, NY.
Measurement of Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in Social Surveys
I am involved in a research project “Demography of Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity: Building a Foundation for Research in Japan” to examine how to quantitatively capture sexual and gender minority populations, while taking the Japanese context into account. I am also interested in delineating the diversity of sexual orientation from a queer perspective.
- Hiramori, Daiki, and Saori Kamano. “Asking about Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in Japan: Case Report on the Osaka City Residents’ Survey and Related Preparatory Studies.” Extended abstract available on SocArXiv.
- Hiramori, Daiki, and Saori Kamano. “Understanding Sexual Orientation Identity, Sexual/Romantic Attraction, and Sexual Behavior beyond Western Societies: The Case of Japan.” Draft available on SocArXiv.
Quantitative Queer Methodology
In this project, I explore the possibility of using quantitative methods from a queer perspective. Drawing from an emerging literature on queer approaches to quantitative data analysis, this project aims to illustrate how quantitative research may be used to empirically evaluate the claims of queer theory and how queer theory, in turn, may be used to inform quantitative research.
- Hiramori, Daiki. 2017. “What Do Sexual/Gender Minority-Supportive Workplaces Look Like?: Findings from the ‘Survey on LGBT Issues in the Workplace Environment.’” Labour Research 561:10-4. In Japanese. [Invited]
- Hiramori, Daiki. 2016. “Do Numbers Lie? Reading Statistics on Sexual and Gender Minorities.” CGS Newsletter, 19th issue, September.
- Hiramori, Daiki. 2016. “Possibilities of Queer and Feminist Methodologies in Quantitative Research: Findings from the ‘LGBT Workplace Environment Survey 2015.’” Presented at the Annual Meeting of the Population Association of Japan, June 12, Chiba, Japan.
Other Research and Program Evaluation Experience
In addition to the projects mentioned above, I have been involved in various research projects related to gender and sexuality. Since March 2017, I have also worked at the Center for Evaluation & Research for STEM Equity at the University of Washington as a research assistant. My evaluation style centers on the perspective of diversity, equity, and inclusion for a more equitable representation of systemically marginalized populations in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) educational fields.
- Iwamoto, Takeyoshi, Daiki Hiramori, Shino Naito, and Satoshi Nakano. 2019. “An Estimation of Social Loss Due to Suicide and Depression among Sexual/Gender Minorities, and a Survey on Income Disparity between Them and the Non-Minority.” The Japan Institute for Labour Policy and Training, JILPT Discussion Paper 19-05. In Japanese.
- Internal Evaluator (Social Science Researcher: March 2019-) for the Pacific Northwest Louis Stokes Alliance for Minority Participation, Center for Evaluation & Research for STEM Equity, University of Washington.
- 2019-2024. Louis Stokes STEM Pathways and Research Alliance: Pacific Northwest. Division of Human Resource Development, National Science Foundation (NSF HRD 1911026, PI: Mark Richards, $4,000,000). Proposal co-writer for social science research component (with Emily Knaphus-Soran and Elizabeth Litzler).