Introduction

Welcome! You have reached the website for Daiki Hiramori. I am currently a graduate student in the Department of Sociology at the University of Washington. This site contains various information about my current research projects and other activities. If you have any questions, please feel free to contact me. Here is my UW profile page.

ようこそ!こちらは平森大規(ひらもり だいき)のウェブサイトです。現在、ワシントン大学大学院社会学研究科で大学院生をしています。このサイトでは、現在の研究プロジェクトやその他の活動に関するさまざまな情報を掲載しております。何かご質問等ございましたら、どうぞお気軽にお問い合わせください。なお、ワシントン大学内の公式プロフィールページ(英語)はこちら、日本語ページはこちら、ふりがなつきのページはこちらです。

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Presentations at the 2019 Japan Sociological Society conference

On Sunday, October 6, I presented my paper “Inequality in Socioeconomic Status Based on Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in Japan: Findings from the Osaka City Residents’ Survey” and my co-author, Saori Kamano, presented our joint work “Asking about Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in Social Surveys: Case Report on the Osaka City Residents’ Survey and Related Preparatory Studies” at the 92th Annual Meeting of the Japan Sociological Society held at Tokyo Women’s Christian University.

The slides from these presentations (in Japanese) are available on the project webpage of the National Institute of Population and Social Security Research. There are also other conference presentation materials by the research members of the Demography of Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity project on the webpage. If you have any questions or comments, please feel free to let us know!

10月6日(日)に東京女子大学で開催された第92回日本社会学会大会にて、「日本における性的指向・性自認に基づく社会経済的地位の不平等――大阪市民調査の分析結果から」という報告を行いました。また、共著者である釜野さおりさんに「性的指向と性自認のあり方を社会調査でいかに捉えるか――大阪市民調査に向けた準備調査における項目の検討と本調査の結果」という共同研究の報告を行っていただきました。

これらの報告で使用したスライド資料は国立社会保障・人口問題研究所のプロジェクトページにてご覧いただけます。また、性的指向と性自認の人口学プロジェクトの研究メンバーによる他の学会報告資料もご覧いただけます。ご質問、ご意見等ございましたら、ぜひお気軽に各報告者までご連絡ください!

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New Discussion Paper Released on the Website of the Japan Institute for Labour Policy and Training

My co-authored discussion paper “An Estimation of Social Loss Due to Suicide and Depression among Sexual/Gender Minorities, and a Survey on Income Disparity between Them and the Non-Minority” has just been published on the website of the Japan Institute for Labour Policy and Training!

Abstract: As part of an attempt to understand the reality of social difficulties including bullying and harassment at the workplace, this study summarized social difficulties among LGBT (lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender) people who may be affected by a peculiar kind of harassment related to discrimination, namely SOGI harassment (harassment related to sexual orientation and gender identity), and estimated the social costs associated with it. Estimated social loss due to suicide and depression among LGBT people (provisional) amounted to 1.987-5.517 billion dollars (of which 0.993-4.183 billion dollars are due to social difficulties specifically for being LGBT). Also, a survey of previous studies confirmed that, although the income of lesbians is relatively higher than that of heterosexual women and the income of gay men tends to be lower than that of heterosexual men, the income difference varies highly depending on previous studies.

このたび、共著論文(DP)が労働政策研究・研修機構ホームページで公開されました。主に、第3節「性的指向・性自認と収入格差―日米における先行研究のサーベイ」の執筆を担当しました。日本における性的マイノリティの経済的状況に関心のある方など、ぜひご覧ください!

要旨:本研究では、職場でのいじめ、ハラスメントを中心とした社会的困難の実態把握の一環として、セクシュアルハラスメントやパワーハラスメントに加え、特定の差別事由に関連するハラスメント、具体的にはSOGIハラスメント(性的指向・性自認に関わるハラスメント)の被害を受ける可能性があるLGBT(レズビアン・ゲイ・バイセクシュアル・トランスジェンダー)を対象とした社会的困難の整理、およびそれに伴う社会的費用の試算を行った。LGBTの自殺・うつによる社会的損失の試算値(暫定)は、1,987~5,517億円(うち、LGBT固有の社会的困難によるものは993~4,183億円)となった。また、先行研究をサーベイした結果、レズビアンの収入は異性愛女性より相対的に高く、ゲイ男性の収入は異性愛男性より低い傾向があるが、その収入差は先行研究によってばらつきが大きいことが確認された。

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Comprehensive Exam Reading List (Social Stratification)

As six months have been passed since I completed my comps in social stratification, I’m uploading my reading list here, for those who are interested. Please note that this reading list does not necessarily represent the whole field of social stratification. The reading list is tailored to my research interests.

社会階層論のコンプス(総合試験)を終えてから約半年が経ったので、関心のある人向けにリーディングリストをこちらにアップロードしてみました。ちなみに、このリーディングリストは、私の研究分野に合わせて作られており、必ずしも社会階層論全体を代表しているわけではないのでご注意ください。

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Report Meeting of the “niji VOICE 2018” Survey

On Sunday, December 16, I will be presenting the results of “niji VOICE 2018” (A Web Survey on LGBT Issues and the Workplace Environment) at the Report Meeting of the “niji VOICE 2018” Survey, cosponsored by the Center for Gender Studies at International Christian University and the nonprofit organization Nijiiro Diversity.

12月16日(日)に、国際基督教大学ジェンダー研究センターおよび特定非営利活動法人虹色ダイバーシティ共催の「LGBTと職場環境に関するWebアンケート調査 niji VOICE 2018 〜LGBTも働きやすい職場づくり、生きやすい社会づくりのための『声』集め〜 報告会」にて、「niji VOICE 2018」の調査報告を行います。詳細はこちらのリンク先をご覧ください。みなさまのご参加をお待ちしております!

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Research Fellow of the Center for Gender Studies at International Christian University

As of September 1, I have been appointed as a Research Fellow of the Center for Gender Studies at International Christian University. Although I have already been involved in a collaborative research between the nonprofit organization Nijiiro Diversity and the Center for Gender Studies at International Christian University as a Research Member since October 2013, I am excited to continue working on the analysis of “niji VOICE” (Web Surveys on LGBT Issues and the Workplace Environment)!

このたび9月1日付けで、国際基督教大学ジェンダー研究センター研究員として任用されました。すでに2013年10月以来、特定非営利活動法人虹色ダイバーシティおよび国際基督教大学ジェンダー研究センターの共同研究に研究メンバーとして関わっていましたが、今後も「niji VOICE」(LGBTと職場環境に関するWebアンケート調査)の分析に取り組むことを楽しみにしています!

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Upcoming Presentation at PAA 2018

On Thursday, April 27, Brian Serafini will be presenting our joint work “Beyond the Urban Core: Examining Variation in Divorce Filing Rates Across the Rural-Urban Continuum” at the upcoming annual meeting of the Population Association of America. This paper is co-authored by Brian Serafini, Julie Brines, and Daiki Hiramori.

Title: Beyond the Urban Core: Examining Variation in Divorce Filing Rates Across the Rural-Urban Continuum

Abstract: Recent evidence has documented a rural-urban convergence in divorce rates, challenging the notion that marriage is more fragile in large metropolitan centers. Little research, however, has examined the correlates of divorce in non-metropolitan regions. We test whether county-level divorce filing rates vary along a continuum that captures rural-urban integration. We also test whether regional variation in divorce filing rates is a function of economic restructuring and “casualized” family relations, levels of religious conservatism and early family formation, or the flow of information and social capital between counties. Using 15 years of monthly data on divorce filings in Washington State, Minnesota, and Ohio, we find evidence that divorce filing rates are contingent on the extent that a county is integrated in metropolitan regions. However, how any why metropolitan integration affects county-level divorce filing rates depends largely on state of residence and whether or not the divorce involved young children.

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New Paper Published in Labour Research

My paper titled, “What Do Sexual/Gender Minority-Supportive Workplaces Look Like? Findings from the ‘Survey on LGBT Issues in the Workplace Environment'” has been published in the 561st issue of Labour Research.

このたび、『労働調査』2017年3月号に「性的マイノリティが働きやすい職場とは?――『LGBTに関する職場環境アンケート』の分析結果から」という論文が掲載されました。ぜひご覧ください!

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New Short Article Published in CGS Newsletter

My short article has been published in the latest issue of the CGS Newsletter! The article, available in both Japanese and English, is titled, “Do Numbers Lie? Reading Statistics on Sexual and Gender Minorities.”

このたび、CGSニューズレター最新号に短い記事が掲載されました!タイトルは「数字は嘘をつかない?――性的マイノリティに関する統計データの読み方・考え方」で、日英両言語で読むことができます。

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Upcoming Presentation at PAA (Part 2)

Next month, I am attending the Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America to present my poster “Social-Institutional Structures That Matter: An Exploratory Analysis of Sexual/Gender Minority Status and Income in Japan.” This work is based on my Master’s Thesis, and I am currently rewriting it for publication.

Title: Social-Institutional Structures That Matter: An Exploratory Analysis of Sexual/Gender Minority Status and Income in Japan

Abstract: While most previous studies examining the effects of sexual orientation on earnings rely on lesbian women, gay men, and their heterosexual counterparts in Western societies, this paper argues that focusing on different stratification processes within sexual/gender minorities as well as social-institutional structures of a society is indispensable to the study of sexuality stratification. Using the LGBT Workplace Environment Survey 2015, this study explores the association between sexual/gender minority status and income in Japan. The results show that there is a negative association between being a sexual/gender minority and income among both designated females at birth and designated males at birth. The results suggesting the lesbian premium found in Western economies are not observed in Japan. In addition, the findings indicate that the processes through which sexuality stratification operates depend on various categories of sexual/gender minorities such as lesbian, gay, bisexual, asexual, transgender, and a local transgender category in Japan “X-gender.”

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Upcoming Presentation at PAA (Part 1)

On Thursday, April 27, Brian Serafini will be presenting our joint work “Beyond the Urban Core: How Place, Conservative Protestantism and Precarity Affect Divorce Filing Rates” at the upcoming annual meeting of the Population Association of America. This paper is co-authored by Brian Serafini, Julie Brines, and Daiki Hiramori.

Title: Beyond the Urban Core: How Place, Conservative Protestantism and Precarity Affect Divorce Filing Rates

Abstract: Why are divorce rates in non-metropolitan areas within the U.S. approaching those of the urban core? Recent evidence suggests that non-urban regions exhibit higher rates of conservative Protestantism, encouraging early transitions into marriage and childbearing that elevate the risk of divorce. Other work suggests that non-metropolitan regions have suffered acute declines in labor force attachment among less-educated workers, accompanied by a “casualization” of family relations that may jeopardize marital stability. Using 15 years of monthly data on county divorce filings in Washington State, we examine both perspectives. We find that less “metropolitan” counties tend to have higher divorce rates, but that higher rates of evangelical Protestantism explain this finding only for divorces not involving young children. County-level measures of educational attainment and manufacturing employment affect filing rates in ways consistent with the “casualization” hypothesis, but among couples with children, these factors do not explain persistently-higher divorce rates in non-metropolitan counties.

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